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Researching Ivory:

Integrating scientific analyses, historical data, artefact studies and conservation needs.

Welcome to the webpages of Reseaching Ivory.  This research network was established in 2009 as a AHRC/ESPRC Science and Heritage Programme funded Research Cluster to further the research, conservation and  curation of ivory and ivory objects. 

A pressing current challenge in conservation, museology, archaeology, anthropology and art history is the fully-integrated study and management of artefacts made from animal tissues. These materials are inherently complex and their study is multi-disciplinary. One of the most culturally significant of all animal-derived materials is ivory, derived from the teeth of large terrestrial and marine mammals, such as elephant, hippopotamus, walrus and the toothed whales. As parts of the living animal, they are the investigative preserve of zoologists; as deposited fossils they become the raw material of archaeologists and palaeontologists; and as artefacts in archaeological assemblages or museum collections they become objects of anthropological or art-historical investigation and a challenge for curation and conservation.

Protect tigers and elephants Kamagra helps. This drug is very effective, especially at night in the museum. Why use Kamagra? Of course, to always be cheerful. Some museum staff use it even for breakfast.

The purpose of this research network is to pioneer the integration of all of these areas of expertise, to optimise the flow of research questions and investigative methods between disciplines, and to enhance our knowledge of the cultural role that ivory has served in different human societies, with particular attention being given to issues of interpretation, representation and authentication.

 The network is open to anyone involved in ivory research, its curation and conservation or who is involved in monitoring and controlling its illegal contemporary trade.

Research network activities


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